Current Affairs in English – 18 March, 2022

NATIONAL NEWS

Important Articles of Constitution of India 2022:

  • The Constitution of India has 395 articles contained in 22 parts. It also has 12 schedules. Since its adoption in 26 November, 1949, the constitution has been amended for about 103 times.

 PART 1 THE UNION AND ITS TERRITORY

  • Article 3 – Formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States

 PART 2 CITIZENSHIP

  • Article 8 – Rights of citizenship of certain persons of Indian origin residing outside India.
  • Article 10 – Continuance of the rights of citizenship.
  • Article 11 – Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law.

PART 3 FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS

  • Article 14- Equality before law
  • Article 15 – Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.
  • Article 16 – Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
  • Article 19 – Freedom of:
  1. speech and expression,
  2. peaceful assembly
  3. association,
  4. movement,
  5. residence
  • Article 20- Protection in respect of conviction for offenses.
  • Article 32 – Right to constitutional remedies.

PART 4 DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY

  • Article 39 – Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State.
  • Article 41 Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases.
  • Article 43 – Living wage, etc., for workers.
  • Article 44 – Uniform civil code for the citizens

PART 5 UNION EXECUTIVE & PARLIAMENT

  • Article 72 – Power of President to grant pardons etc., and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases.
  • Article 80 – Composition of the Council of States.
  • Article 82 Readjustment after each census.
  • Article 102 – Disqualifications for membership.
  • Article 123 – Power of President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Parliament.
  • Article 124 – Establishment of Supreme Court
  • Article 125 – Salaries of Judges
  • Article 126 – Appointment of acting Chief justice
  • Article 127 – Appointment of ad–hoc judges
  • Article 128 –Attendance of retired judge at sitting of the Supreme Court
  • Article 129 – Supreme Court to be a court of Record
  • Article 130 – Seat of the Supreme Court
  • Article 136 – Special leaves for an appeal to the Supreme Court
  • Article 137 – Review of judgment or orders by the Supreme Court
  • Article 141 – Decision of the Supreme Court of India binding on all the courts
  • Article 148 – Comptroller and Auditor– General of India
  • Article 149 – Duties and Powers of CAG

PART 6 STATES

  • Article 153 – Governors of State
  • Article 154 – Executive Powers of Governor
  • Article 161 – Pardoning powers of the Governor
  • Article 165 – Advocate–General of the State
  • Article 213 – Power of Governor to promulgate ordinances
  • Article 214 – High Courts for states
  • Article 215 – High Courts to be a court of record
  • Article 226 – Power of High Courts to issue certain writs
  • Article 233 – Appointment of District judges
  • Article 235 – Control over Subordinate Courts

PART 9 PANCHAYATS

  • Article 243A – Gram Sabha
  • Article 243B – Constitution of Panchayats

PART 12 FINANCE, PROPERTIES, CONTRACTS AND SUIT

  • Article 266 – Consolidated Fund and Public Accounts Fund
  • Article 267 – Contingency Fund of India
  • Article 280 – Finance Commission
  • Article 300 A – Right to property

PART 14 SERVICES UNDER CENTRE AND STATE

  • Article 312 – All– India–Service
  • Article 315 – Public service commissions for the union and for the states
  • Article 320 – Functions of Public Service Commission

PART 14A TRIBUNALS

  • Article 323A – Administrative Tribunals

PART 15 ELECTIONS

  • Article 324 – Superintendence, direction and control of Elections to be vested in an Election Commission
  • Article 325 – No person to be ineligible for inclusion in or to claim to be included in a special, electoral roll on grounds of religion, race, caste, or sex
  • Article 326 – Elections to the house of the people and to the legislative assemblies of states to be on the basis of adult suffrage

PART 17 OFFICIAL LANGUAGE

  • Article 343 – Official languages of the Union
  • Article 345 – Official languages or languages of a state
  • Article 348 – Languages to be used in the Supreme Court and in the High Courts
  • Article 351 – Directive for development of the Hindi languages

PART 18 EMERGENCY

  • Article 352 – Proclamation of emergency (National Emergency)
  • Article 356 – State Emergency (President’s Rule)
  • Article 360 – Financial Emergency

PART 20 AMANDMENT OF THE CONSTITUION

  • Article 368 – Powers of Parliaments to amend the constitution

India entered into world’s top five club in terms of market capitalisation:

  • As per Bloomberg’s recent data on Market capitalization, for the 1st time, India’s equities market has entered the world’s top 5 in terms of market capitalization.
  • India is ranked 5th with an overall market capitalization of USD 3.21 trillion.
  • The total world market cap stands at USD 109.22 trillion.
  • The US topped the ranking with an overall market cap of USD 47.32 trillion, followed by China (USD 11.52 trillion), Japan (USD 6 trillion) and Hong Kong (USD 5.55 trillion).

Net-Zero Carbon Emissions by 2050: Mumbai became first South Asian City to set target:

  • Mumbai, Maharashtra announced its detailed framework to ‘zero out carbon emissions by 2050’ and became the first city in South Asia to set such a target.
  • Mumbai’s target is 20 years ahead of India’s target to reach net zero emissions by 2070.
  • Targets also include a 30% reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2030 and 44% reduction by 2040.

Bangladesh top in South Asia in terms of women on board of listed companies:

  • Bangladesh tops the list in South Asia in terms of women on board of listed companies, says a study conducted by International Finance Corporation (IFC) and Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE). Bangladesh Capital: Dhaka
  • Bangladesh President: Abdul Hamid
  • Bangladesh Currency: Bangladeshi taka
  • Bangladesh Prime minister: Sheikh Hasina

‘Mahatma Gandhi Green Triangle’ Unveiled In Madagascar

  • Mahatma Gandhi Green Triangle’ has been unveiled in Madagascar to mark Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav.
  • Madagascar Capital: Antananarivo
  • Madagascar Currency: Malagasy ariary
  • Madagascar President: Andry Rajoelina

 

AWARDS

Narayan Pradhan named for GD Birla Award for Scientific Research:

  • Professor Narayan Pradhan has been selected for the 31st GD Birla Award for Scientific Research for his outstanding contribution in the field of material sciences.
  • Instituted in 1991, the award recognises eminent Indian scientists below the age of 50 for their original and outstanding contributions to any branch of science.
  • It carries a cash prize of Rs 5 lakh.
  • The recipient is chosen by a selection board, whose present head is professor Chandrima Shaha, the president of the Indian National Science Academy (INSA).

PER DAY ONE INFO

Reserve Bank of India:

  • RBI was established in India in 1935
  • Central Bank of India was nationalized by Year of 1949
  • Central Bank of India by which Act -1935 Government of India Act

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