Daily Current Affairs for 06 July 2023
1. Digital Personal Data Protection Bill
- Usage of personal data by organisations must be done in a manner that is lawful, fair to the individuals concerned and transparent to individuals.
- Remove the word ‘personal’ from the existing title of ‘Personal Data Protection Bill’. This is intended to reflect that the bill, in order to better ensure privacy, will also be dealing with non-personal data, such as personal data that has been anonymised.
- Amend the section restricting the transfer of personal data outside India to say “sensitive personal data shall not be shared with any foreign government or agency unless such sharing is approved by the central government.
- No social media platform be allowed to operate in India unless its parent company, which controls the technology powering its services, sets up an office in the country.
- It proposes a separate regulatory body to be set up to regulate the media.
- Jail term of up to 3 years, fine of Rs 2 lakh or both if de-identified data is re-identified by any person.
- The word ‘personal’ ought to be dropped from the name of the Bill.
- Central government may exempt any government agency from the legislation only under exceptional circumstances.
- The new bill seeks to establish a Data Protection Board (DPB) with the purpose to adjudicate on the matter of data protection.
- It also seeks to establish Data Protection Officers or independent data auditors by companies of large size with the objective to verify the compliance of the law by the institutions concerned
1. Pennaiyar River Dispute
- The river originates in the Nandi Hills in the Chikkaballapura district of Karnataka and flows through Tamil Nadu before emptying into the Bay of Bengal.
- It is also known as the South Pennar River, Dakshina Pinakini in Kannada and Thenpennai or Ponnaiyar or Pennaiyar in Tamil.
- This is the second longest river in Tamil Nadu, with a length of 497km, after the Kaveri.
- Pennaiyar River Dispute involves a dispute between Tamil Nadu and Karnataka over constructions across the river, also known as ‘Thenpennai’.
Major rivers water disputes in India
- Krishna: Karnataka, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra
- Mahanadi: Odisha and Chhattisgarh
- Mahadayi/ Mandovi: Goa, Karnataka and Maharashtra
- Ravi and Beas: Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan
- Vansadhara: Andhra Pradesh & Odisha
- Cauvery: Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala, and Puducherry
- Article 262 of the Constitution provides for the adjudication of inter-state water disputes
1. Scheme for Expansion and Modernization of Fire Services in the States
- Ministry: Ministry of Home Affairs
- Aim: to enhance fire safety infrastructure across the country. With a substantial budget of Rs. 5,000 crore, this scheme aims to address the critical need for improved fire
- Main goal: To enhance and update fire services at the state level, guaranteeing strong measures for preparedness and capacity building. By strengthening fire services, the scheme aims to enhance the overall fire safety infrastructure across the country.
Financial Allocation and Incentives
- The scheme received a significant financial allocation of Rs. 5,000 crore. Out of this amount, Rs. 500 crore has been specifically reserved for incentivizing states based on their legal and infrastructure-related reforms
1. Global Competitiveness Index
- Released by the International Institute for Management Development (IMD)
- There is progress in government efficiency but points out weaknesses in business efficiency, infrastructure, and economic performance
- India’s rank – 40
Top 5 countries:
- The seventhedition of the bilateral Japan-India Maritime Exercise 2023
- It aims to enhance the interoperability and cooperation between the Japanese Maritime Self Defence Force (JMSDF) and the Indian Navy.
Dharma Chakra Day
- Dharma Chakra Day is celebrated to commemorate the Buddha’s first teaching after attaining enlightenment.
- It observed on the full moon day of Asadha in the Indian Sun calendar. organized by the Ministry of Culture in partnership with the International Buddhist Federation (IBF
- It marks the beginning of the rainy season