Turtles: Cleaning Agents in the Ganga

Context:  Under the Namami Gange Programme, turtles are introduced to clean the Ganga and rejuvenate the nearly 2,600­km river network. Key points
  • Turtles play a role in clearing rotten or half burnt human bodies as well as flowers dumped into the river.
  • During the assessment of the river’s pH levels (i.e. acidic nature) at various locations, the water quality was found suitable for bathing.
  • Improvements in biochemical oxygen de­mand, faecal coliform and dissolved oxygen levels were seen during river water quality checks.
About Namami Gange Programme:
  • It is an Integrated Conservation Mission, approved as ‘Flagship Programme’ by the Union Government in 2014
  • Budget outlay: Rs.20,000 Crore
  • Twin objectives:
    1. Effective abatement of pollution
    2. Conservation and rejuvenation of national river Ganga.
  • Nodal Department and Ministry: Department of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Ministry of Jal Shakti.
  • Implementing agency: National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG)
  • Pillars of the Programme:
    1. Sewerage Treatment Infrastructure
    2. River-Surface Cleaning
    3. Afforestation
    4. Industrial Effluent Monitoring
    5. River-Front Development
    6. Biodiversity
    7. Public Awareness
    8. Ganga Gram
News Source: The Hindu 

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