G20 Energy Ministers’ Meet

Context: India’s Prime Minister, addressed the G20 Energy Ministers Meet in Goa.
  • On the sideline of the Meeting, a standalone event on Consultations and Recommendations for the Global Biofuels Alliance was organized.
Key Outcomes of the Summit:
  • High-Level Voluntary Principles on Hydrogen: The G20 Energy Ministers agreed on High-Level Voluntary Principles on Hydrogen, aiming to encourage the use of zero and low-carbon hydrogen in hard-to-abate sectors.
Zero and Low-Carbon Hydrogen Different types of hydrogen production techniques that aim to reduce or eliminate carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are referred to as zero and low-carbon hydrogen, respectively.
  • Accelerating Energy Transitions: The Ministers emphasized the need to increase the pace of energy transitions. They acknowledged that 85% of all capacity additions in the past year were in renewables.
  • Energy Access: The Ministers recognized the importance of providing access to energy for all, considering that 730 million people worldwide still lack access to energy.
  • Green Hydrogen Innovation Centre: The International Solar Alliance launched a Green Hydrogen Innovation Centre
India’s Achievements in Energy Initiatives:
  • LPG Connections and Village Electricity: India connected over 190 million families with LPG (liquefied petroleum gas). The country achieved the milestone of connecting every village with electricity.
  • Piped Cooking Gas for 90% of Population: India is working towards providing piped cooking gas to cover more than 90 percent of the population.
  • World’s Largest LED Distribution Program: India launched the world’s largest LED distribution program. This initiative saves over 45 billion units of energy annually.
  • Agricultural Pump Solarization and Electric Vehicle Market: Initiatives like the largest agricultural pump solarization project were highlighted. India aims to achieve 10 million annual sales of domestic electric vehicles by 2030.
  • Rollout of Ethanol Blended Petrol: India is rolling out 20 percent Ethanol Blended Petrol across the country. The aim is to cover the entire country by 2025.
  • Global Hub for Green Hydrogen Production: India has ambitions to become a Global Hub for Green Hydrogen production and export.
Additional Information: Global Biofuels Alliance (GBA):
  • The Energy Ministers recommended the establishment of the Global Biofuels Alliance to the G20 Leaders.
  • It is an international initiative aimed at promoting the development and deployment of biofuels as a low-carbon pathway to sustainable energy.
  • Strong Support and Participation: Nineteen countries, including India, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, and the United States, expressed strong support and interest in being the initiating members of the alliance.
  • Focus Areas and Challenges:
    • Emphasized the importance of sharing best practices across policy, technology, and implementation.
    • Recognized challenges like feedstock management, standards development, and technological innovations that require a collaborative approach.
    • Importance of standardization, waste recycling, and investments to harness the untapped potential of biofuels highlighted.
 News Source: PIB

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