Context: Recently, South Korean researchers claimed that a lead-based compound they had developed, had shown superconducting properties at room temperature, under normal pressure conditions. About Superconductivity:
- Superconductivity refers to a state in which a material offers zero, or near-zero, resistance to electric current.
- While resistance is a property that restricts the flow of electricity, superconductivity allows unhindered electric flow.
- Electricity is essentially the movement of free electrons in a conducting material like copper.
- While the movement of electrons is in one particular direction, it is random and haphazard.
- They frequently collide with one another, and with other particles in the material, thus offering resistance to the flow of current.
- As of now, superconductivity can be achieved only at very low temperatures, more than 250 degree Celsius below zero, very close to absolute zero which is – 273 degree Celsius.
- In some cases, materials can exhibit superconductivity at slightly higher temperatures as well, but under increased pressure conditions.
- Zero Electrical Resistance: Conduct electricity with zero resistance leading to efficient current transmission without energy loss as heat.
- High Magnetic Fields: Generate very high magnetic fields, which makes them useful in a variety of applications such as MRI machines and particle accelerators.
- Efficient Energy Storage: Store energy very efficiently, which makes them useful for energy storage applications such as in batteries and power grids.
- Faster Computing: Enable faster and more efficient computing devices, which could revolutionize the field of computing.
- New Innovation: Advance the field of quantum computing, as superconducting qubits can store and process quantum information with high coherence and fidelity.