General Consent Granted to CBI
Context: The government in Tamil Nadu announced that it has withdrawn the general consent given to the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), under Section 6 of the Delhi Special Police Establishment (DSPE) Act. About General Consent:
News Source: The Hindu
- The CBI is governed by The Delhi Special Police Establishment (DSPE) Act, 1946.
- It must mandatorily obtain the consent of the state government concerned before beginning to investigate a crime in a state.
- Section 6 of The DSPE Act: The CBI needs consent from the respective State governments for conducting investigation in their jurisdiction.
- The consent of the state government to CBI can be either case-specific or general.
- This is consent by default, in the absence of which the CBI would have to apply to the state government in every case, and before taking even small actions.
- A general consent to CBI granted by State governments enables the central agency to carry out investigations without such hindrances.
- Other States that withdrew general consent: Mizoram, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Kerala, Jharkhand, Punjab and Meghalaya.
- The CBI will not be able to register any fresh case involving officials of the central government or a private person in the state without the consent of the state government.
- CBI officers will lose all powers of a police officer as soon as they enter the state unless the state government has allowed them.
- CBI retained the power to investigate cases that had been registered before consent was withdrawn.
- It ruled that the agency could probe anyone in a state that has withdrawn general consent, if the case was not registered in that state.
- The CBI could file a case in Delhi and continue to investigate people inside those states.
About Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI):