Children and Armed Conflict: UN Report
Context: The United Nations has removed India from its annual report-‘Children and Armed Conflict’ , citing “measures taken by the government to better protect” them. Key Findings of ‘Children and Armed Conflict’: UN Report:
- Globally in 2022, children continued to be disproportionately affected by armed conflict.
- 2,496 Children were detained for actual or alleged association with armed groups including those designated as terrorist groups by the United Nations.
- The Centre introduced various policies and institutional changes since 2019 such as:
- Implementation of the Juvenile Justice Act and Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act in letter and spirit.
- Establishment of Child Welfare Committees, Juvenile Justice Boards, Child Care Homes.
- Creation of a Jammu and Kashmir Commission for Protection of Child Rights.
- Improved legal and administrative framework for the protection of children and improved access to child protection services in Chhattisgarh, Assam, Jharkhand, Odisha and Jammu and Kashmir.