- Indian elephants are greyish-black animals that are subspecies of the Asian elephant. They are about 6.6 to 11.5 feet in height and weigh about 6000 to 11,000 pounds.
- These elephants go by the scientific name Elephas maximus indicus and have long trunks that are completely boneless.
- They feed mainly on grasses, but large amounts of tree bark, roots, leaves and small stems are also eaten.
- Cultivated crops such as bananas, rice and sugarcane are favored foods as well.
- Since they need to drink at least once a day, these elephants are always close to a source of fresh water.
- Significance: Elephants are not only a cultural icon in India and throughout Asia; they also help to maintain the integrity of their forest and grassland habitats.