Pacific Islands capture India’s strategic focus

  • India is exploring the possibility of trilateral cooperation with France and Australia in the strategic Pacific Islands.
Pacific Islands:
  • The Pacific Islands are a group of islands in the Pacific Ocean. It comprises three ethnogeographic groupings—Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia.
  • Melanesia:
    • The main island groups include Fiji, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, the Solomon Islands, and Papua New Guinea. 
    • All are independent countries except New Caledonia, which is under the French government.
    • The island of New Guinea is shared between Papua New Guinea and Indonesia.

Image Credits: saylordotorg.

  • Micronesia:
    • Location: North of the Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea is the large region of Micronesia.
    • Etymology: The “micro” portion of the name refers to the fact that the islands are small in size, often only one square mile or so in physical area.
    • Composition: Most of the islands are composed of coral and do not extend above sea level to any large extent. These low islands dominate the high islands.
    • Volcanic origin: The high islands are usually of volcanic origin and reach elevations in the thousands of feet.

Image Credits: saylordotorg.

  • Polynesia:
    • The largest region of the Pacific is Polynesia, a land of many island groups with large distances between them.
    • Numerous groups of islands have come together under separate political arrangements.
    • The region includes the Hawaiian Islands in the north and the Pitcairn Islands and Easter Island to the east.
    • Diverse: Polynesia has a mixture of island types ranging from the high mountains of Hawaii to low-lying coral atolls that are only a few feet above sea level.
    • Culture: Polynesian culture stems from island resources. Fishing, farming, and an understanding of the seas created a way of life that gave Polynesia its identity.
    • Cartographic excellence: Polynesians created innovative maps that provided a means of sailing across large expanses of open seas to connect with distant islands.

Image Credits: saylordotorg.

News Source: Live Mint
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