Project Tiger and Project Elephant Merger
Context: Project Tiger and Project Elephant have been merged into a new division called the ‘Project Tiger and Elephant Division’ under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. Reason for Merger:
News Source: The Indian Express
- Rationalizing of Funding: The unification of Project Tiger and Project Elephant has been done to rationalize funding.
- Amalgamation to Strengthen Conservation: The amalgamation will bolster the conservation of both the animals, as they often share the same landscapes in the country.
- Project Tiger was launched by the then PM Indira Gandhi on April 1, 1973 from Jim Corbett National Park, Uttrakhand.
- It not only focused on the conservation of the tiger but also ensured the preservation of their natural habitat as tigers are at the top of the food chain.
- Protection Status of Tiger:
- Schedule I: Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972
- Endangered: International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List
- Appendix I: Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
- Project Elephant was launched by the Government of India in the year 1992 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with following objectives:
- To protect elephants, their habitat & corridors
- To address issues of man-animal conflict
- Welfare of captive elephants
- The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change provides financial and technical support to major elephant range states in the country through the project.
|Elephant Range States: