Multidimensional Poverty Index
Context: The latest update of the global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) was released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI):
News Source: The Hindu
- Released by: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI).
- First launched: In 2010.
- It measures acute multidimensional poverty across more than 100 developing countries.
- Countries showing progress: 25 countries successfully halved their global MPI values within 15 years, showing that rapid progress is attainable. These countries include Cambodia, China, Congo, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Morocco, Serbia and Vietnam.
- A long way to go-1.1 billion out of 6.1 billion people around more than 18% live in acute multidimensional poverty across 110 countries.
- Reduction in total number of poor:
- Reduction in absolute numbers-In 2005-06, about 645 million people were in multidimensional poverty in India, with this number declining to about 370 million in 2015-16 and 230 million in 2019-21.
- Comprehensive reduction-Deprivation in all indicators declined in India
- The poorest States and groups, including children and people in disadvantaged caste groups, had the fastest absolute progress.
|Indicators||Status in 2005-06||Status in 2019-21|
|Deprivation of Nutrition||44.3%||11.8%|
|Deprivation of Cooking fuel||52.9%||13.9%|
|Deprivation of sanitation||50.4%||11.3%|
|Drinking water indicator||16.4%||2.7%|
|Deprivation of electricity||29%||2.1%|
|Deprivation of housing||44.9%||13.6%|