Kaas Plateau

Context: Recently, a new study of the sediments from a seasonal lake in the Kaas Plateau has indicated a major shift in the Indian Summer Monsoons towards dry and stressed conditions with low rainfall during the Early-Mid–Holocene, around 8664 years BP.
  • Study indicated a relatively reduced rainfall and weak southwest monsoon during the late Holocene (around 2827 years BP).
About Kaas Plateau
  • Location: Kaas Pathar is a plateau made from volcanic rocks in the Satara district of Maharashtra. 
  • Etymology: Known as Kaas Pathar in Marathi, its name is derived from the Kaasa tree, botanically known as Elaeocarpus glandulosus (rudraksha family).
  • Ecological importance: Kaas Plateau is a UNESCO World Natural Heritage Site, under the name the Western Ghats.It falls in the biosphere of the Western Ghats.
    • Designated as a biodiversity hotspot, the Kaas Plateau comes to life with various seasonal flowers forming a floral carpet over the entire lateritic crust during August and September.
  • The plateau of Kaas experiences a natural cycle of extreme conditions.
    • It becomes wet water-logged cool in monsoon rains, very dry, barren hot summer (45 degree C) and dry winter (5 degree C). 
  • The soil we find in the Kaas Plateau is a thin layer on top of Deccan rock, with varying quality of nutrients. 
  • Kaas Pathar is home to 1500 plant species, 450 wildflower species out of which 33 are endangered.

Image Source:  The Hindu Buisnessline

News Source: The PIB

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