Post Quantum Cryptography Standardisation Project

  • The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) of the US has started the Post Quantum Cryptography (PQC) Standardisation Project.
About the Project:
  • The project would allow companies to have the proper encryption algorithms in place throughout the organization to defend against the quantum computer attacks.
  • The PQC standardization project is working to standardize the quantum-safe algorithms. 
  • The idea behind this project is to prepare organizations for quantum cryptography before it becomes a real threat.
What is a quantum-safe algorithm?
  • A quantum-safe algorithm is resistant to attacks from both classical computers, which are the types of computers used today, and quantum computers. 
  • This allows private information stored on devices or in transit in organizations to be the most secure possible, as even a quantum computer will not be able to break a quantum-safe algorithm within hours or days.
Post-quantum cryptography 
  • Post-quantum cryptography refers to cryptographic algorithms (usually public-key algorithms) that are thought to be secure against an attack by a quantum computer.
Quantum cryptography:
  • Quantum cryptography uses the principles of quantum mechanics to send secure messages, and unlike mathematical encryption, is truly unhackable.
News Source: The Hindu 
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